2012 PHC: Migration and Urbanisation Monograph


Tanzania is among the few African countries which take migration data since it conducted the first census in 1948. However, since 1967 most of the migration data collected was by place of birth and residence which capture mostly lifetime migrants and current migrants. The volume of people involved in migration has been increasing with time because most people would like to improve their means of livelihood. This increase in migration has changed the sex dimensions in migration processes. The censuses from 1948-2002 indicated a dominance of males in migration which drastically changed in the 2012 Population and Housing Census (PHC).

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