EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Introduction

This part summarizes the state of employment in the formal sector establishments in Tanzania Mainland. These surveys are conducted under the NBS Statistics Act of 2002 which empowers NBS to collect, compile and disseminate official statistics from registered establishments in the country.

Employment Profile

The findings show that a total of 1,550,018 persons were employed in the formal sector in 2012 as compared to 1,362,559 persons in 2011. This is an increase of 13.8 percent. The proportion of total employment was higher in the private sector (63.1% in 2011 and 64.2% in 2012) than in the public sector (36.9% in 2011 and 35.8% in 2012) for the two years.

Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security industry had the highest proportion of the total regular employees in two reference years, despite the decrease from 27.7 percent in 2011 to 20.8 percent in 2012, followed by education with a noticeable increase from 13.6 percent in 2011 to 18.7 percent in 2012. Dar es Salaam Region had the largest proportion of the total employees in each reference year which decreased slightly from 33.6 percent in 2011 to 33.0 percent in 2012 while the region with the smallest share of total employees was Rukwa with a share of 0.8 percent in 2011 and 1.1 percent in 2012.

Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security industry had the highest proportion of the total regular employees in two reference years, despite the decrease from 27.7 percent in 2011 to 20.8 percent in 2012, followed by education with a noticeable increase from 13.6 percent in 2011 to 18.7 percent in 2012. Dar es Salaam Region had the largest proportion of the total employees in each reference year which decreased slightly from 33.6 percent in 2011 to 33.0 percent in 2012 while the region with the smallest share of total employees was Rukwa with a share of 0.8 percent in 2011 and 1.1 percent in 2012.

Cash Earnings Profile

The findings show that, the total annual cash earnings increased from Tshs. 6,974,061 million in 2011 to Tshs. 8,814,805 million in 2012. Overall it is observed that, monthly average earnings for employees in the public sector are twice (671,639) as much as compared to monthly average earnings in the private sector (307,026).

Annual Wage Bill Profile

The results reveal that, the total annual wage bill increased from TShs. 5,912,916 million in 2011 to TShs. 8,887,420 million in 2012 which is an increase of 50.3 percent. This implies that employers’ costs increased in 2012 as compared to 2011. Public administration and defense; compulsory social security had the largest share (21.6%) of annual wage bill in 2012, which is a decrease from 30.6 percent recorded in 2011. The second and third industries with largest proportions of annual wage bill were education and manufacturing with 19.7 percent and 10.6 percent respectively.

Number of New Workers Recruited

The findings show that, total number of the newly recruited workers in 2011/12 was 74,474 as compared to 47,637 workers recruited in 2010/11. The number of new workers recruited increased by about 56.3 percent. With regard to occupations, the largest number of new workers recruited were technicians and associate professionals with 31,191 (41.8%) followed by service workers and shop sales workers with 19,594 (26.3%) and professionals with 12,134 (16.3%). This shows that, the majority of the newly recruited workers were technicians and professionals.

Existing Job Vacancies

The results reveal that there were 126,073 existing vacancies in 2012. Technician and associate professionals had the largest number of vacancies which was 76,252 (60.5%) vacancies in the formal sector. Professionals were second with 23,163 (18.4%) vacancies; followed by service workers and shop sales workers with 9,395 (7.5%) vacancies. Crafts and related workers had the lowest number of vacancies generated in 2012 with 1,136 (0.9%) vacancies.

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Introduction

This part summarizes the state of employment in the formal sector establishments in Tanzania Mainland. These surveys are conducted under the NBS Statistics Act of 2002 which empowers NBS to collect, compile and disseminate official statistics from registered establishments in the country.

Employment Profile

The findings show that a total of 1,550,018 persons were employed in the formal sector in 2012 as compared to 1,362,559 persons in 2011. This is an increase of 13.8 percent. The proportion of total employment was higher in the private sector (63.1% in 2011 and 64.2% in 2012) than in the public sector (36.9% in 2011 and 35.8% in 2012) for the two years.

Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security industry had the highest proportion of the total regular employees in two reference years, despite the decrease from 27.7 percent in 2011 to 20.8 percent in 2012, followed by education with a noticeable increase from 13.6 percent in 2011 to 18.7 percent in 2012. Dar es Salaam Region had the largest proportion of the total employees in each reference year which decreased slightly from 33.6 percent in 2011 to 33.0 percent in 2012 while the region with the smallest share of total employees was Rukwa with a share of 0.8 percent in 2011 and 1.1 percent in 2012.

Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security industry had the highest proportion of the total regular employees in two reference years, despite the decrease from 27.7 percent in 2011 to 20.8 percent in 2012, followed by education with a noticeable increase from 13.6 percent in 2011 to 18.7 percent in 2012. Dar es Salaam Region had the largest proportion of the total employees in each reference year which decreased slightly from 33.6 percent in 2011 to 33.0 percent in 2012 while the region with the smallest share of total employees was Rukwa with a share of 0.8 percent in 2011 and 1.1 percent in 2012.

Cash Earnings Profile

The findings show that, the total annual cash earnings increased from Tshs. 6,974,061 million in 2011 to Tshs. 8,814,805 million in 2012. Overall it is observed that, monthly average earnings for employees in the public sector are twice (671,639) as much as compared to monthly average earnings in the private sector (307,026).

Annual Wage Bill Profile

The results reveal that, the total annual wage bill increased from TShs. 5,912,916 million in 2011 to TShs. 8,887,420 million in 2012 which is an increase of 50.3 percent. This implies that employers’ costs increased in 2012 as compared to 2011. Public administration and defense; compulsory social security had the largest share (21.6%) of annual wage bill in 2012, which is a decrease from 30.6 percent recorded in 2011. The second and third industries with largest proportions of annual wage bill were education and manufacturing with 19.7 percent and 10.6 percent respectively.

Number of New Workers Recruited

The findings show that, total number of the newly recruited workers in 2011/12 was 74,474 as compared to 47,637 workers recruited in 2010/11. The number of new workers recruited increased by about 56.3 percent. With regard to occupations, the largest number of new workers recruited were technicians and associate professionals with 31,191 (41.8%) followed by service workers and shop sales workers with 19,594 (26.3%) and professionals with 12,134 (16.3%). This shows that, the majority of the newly recruited workers were technicians and professionals.

Existing Job Vacancies

The results reveal that there were 126,073 existing vacancies in 2012. Technician and associate professionals had the largest number of vacancies which was 76,252 (60.5%) vacancies in the formal sector. Professionals were second with 23,163 (18.4%) vacancies; followed by service workers and shop sales workers with 9,395 (7.5%) vacancies. Crafts and related workers had the lowest number of vacancies generated in 2012 with 1,136 (0.9%) vacancies.

Click this link to Download the Full Report. (2.0Kb)