The census was conducted for both large scale farms and smallholder farms. A total of 2,329,942 households were raising livestock from which 2,284,257 were from the Mainland and 45,684 from Zanzibar. This report provides detailed description of the state of the livestock sub-sector in Tanzania for the agricultural year 2007-2008. The detailed analysis and tabulation were based on smallholder farms and comparisons between Mainland regions and Zanzibar districts are made. In some cases, the contribution of large scale farms is included to give the overall country estimates.
The main types and number of livestock and poultry covered in the 2007/08 Agricultural Sample Census are cattle, goats, sheep, pigs, chickens, ducks, turkeys, rabbits, and donkeys. The dominant species were cattle (21,280,875) followed by goats (15,154,121), sheep (5,715,549) and pigs (1,584,411). The total number of livestock units was 25,977,665 representing 43.8 million livestock of different species, equivalent to about 30 percent increase from 20,353,866 livestock units counted in the 2002/2003 census. The number of cattle in the Mainland was 21,125,251 while in Zanzibar was 155,624. Of the 1,698,580 cattle keeping households, 71 percent kept between 1 and 10 heads of cattle. The average number of livestock per household was 13 for cattle, 9 for goats and 9 for sheep, while for chicken the average was 11 chicks. The contribution of Large Scale Farms to the total livestock number was rather small (0.1%).