This report provides detailed description of the state of the Crops sub-sector in Zanzibar for the agriculture year 2007-2008 based mainly on smallholder farms.
Permanent crops occupied an area of 78,494 ha, which is higher than 32,120 recorded in 2002/03 but in terms of proportion it has remained the same at 42%. The largest area (47,991 ha, 61%) was grown to other crops followed by banana (14,011 ha; 18%), and coconut (8058 ha; 10%) The three leading districts both in terms of percent of area planted and average planted area per household with permanent crops were Mkoani (14%, 0.69 ha); Wete (14.4%, 0.78 ha), and Central (14%, 0.91 ha).
Mkoani (3,312 ha, 21%), Chakechake (2,342 ha, 15%), and Central (2,186 ha, 14%) were the three districts with the highest percent of the total area planted with banana as well as average planted area per household planted with the crop. Central district recorded the highest percent (19 %) of the total area planted with coconuts followed by North „B‟ (17%) and West and Wete districts each(16%). Wete and Mkoani district respectively accounted for 26% and 22% of the total area planted with cloves.. Central district accounted for almost over a third (37%) of the area planted with mangoes. About 50 percent (48 5%) of the area planted with oranges was recorded in Central district. Central district accounted for 51 percent of the total area planted with sugar cane followed by Micheweni (18 %).
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