The 2008 Tanzania Disability Survey was the first of its kind to be conducted in the country. The major objective of the survey was to determine the prevalence of disability in the country. The survey also intended to determine living conditions among people with activity limitations. The survey covered the whole of the United Republic of Tanzania and produced regional estimates. Information was collected from all selected households and individuals with and without disability and health difficulties.
The 2008 Disability Survey revealed the most prevalent forms of disability in Tanzania for the population aged 7 years and above. Difficulties in seeing were the most reported form of disability (3,7 per cent), followed by mobility (3,1 per cent), hearing (1,9 per cent), cognition (1,5 per cent) and communication (0,8 per cent).