Tanzania's Productive Social Safety Net 2015 : Findings from the Impact Evaluation Baseline Survey

This report presents the findings of the impact evaluation baseline survey of Tanzania’s Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN). PSSN aims to reduce and break the intergenerational transmission of poverty and is based on two integrated interventions, a labor intensive public works (PW) program and targeted conditional cash transfers (CCTs). 


The findings reveals that; 42% ages 15+ are illiterate and 48% ages 15+ completed primary. About half or less are enrolled at age of school entry (7) and at ages 14 to 17. The main barriers to enrollment are financial constraints (39%) and distance (11%). 92% of the enrolled regularly attend. 18% of those 5 to 19 enrolled in school repeat at least one grade.


Only 23% of under-5s visit a health provider and 90% visiting one are sick. Main barrier is cost. Sick under-5s don’t attend health visits due to costs (58%). Social norms also play a role (32%). Most (79%) use public health facilities, so supply sides issues could emerge. 


Most households engage in agricultural activities (69%). The labor force participation rate is low (49%), most jobs are unstable. Less than 2% of PSSN beneficiaries with a job are in wage employment and only 13% of workers have a contract. One in four households consume food items from two or less food groups and 73% have low diet diversity. About one-third of households suffered a shock, most of which caused income or asset losses (60%).


More than 38% with a partner do not participate in key household decisions including children’s healthcare and schooling, and 19% ages 15 to 49 report facing domestic violence. 

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