Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation 2009
Tanzania Pilot Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Program was launched in February 2009 through the Tanzania Social Action Fund to target the most vulnerable households and improve education and health outcomes in the long run. The main objective of the pilot program and its impact evaluation was to test how a conditional cash transfer could be implemented through a community-driven development approach, and what systems may need to be in place to achieve positive results in mitigating the effects of the AIDS crisis.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Bagamoyo, Chamwino and Kibaha districts.
Unit of Analysis
Producers and sponsors
World Bank, Spanish Impact Evaluation Trust Fund
World Bank, Japanese Social Development Fund
At the household level, eligibility criteria for beneficiary households were based on household characteristics of the very poor that were defined by communities themselves through focus
group discussions. The criteria were that the households be: (a) very poor, (b) not receiving similar benefits in kind or cash from another program, and (c) home to an elderly person
(60+) or an orphan or vulnerable child (OVC). "Very poor" was defined by stakeholders as a household meeting at least three of the following characteristics: (1) lack of a basic dwelling
or shamba; (2) difficulty having two meals per day; (3) no adult member has worked in the last month; (4) children with clothes/shoes in poor condition; (5) family does not own
livestock; and (6) family does not own land.
The study was conducted in three districts - Bagamoyo (70 km from Dar es Salaam), Chamwino (500 km from Dar), and Kibaha (35 km from Dar). The baseline survey covered 80 villages (40 treatment and 40 control). All 80 villages within the three districts had community management committees that received financial training from TASAF and had successfully managed at least one TASAF-supported project. The villages were randomized into treatment and control groups, stratified on village size and district. Among villages of a similar size and in the same district, each village had an equal likelihood of becoming a treatment village (i.e., getting the cash transfers) or becoming a control village (i.e., does not receive the cash transfer). This maximized the likelihood that treatment and control villages were similar in unobserved characteristics as well as the measured characteristics.
Random selection of the control and treatment villages was done after vulnerable households had been identified in all 80 villages, in order to ensure comparability between vulnerable households identified in the treatment and control groups.
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Economic Development Initiatives
National Bureau of Statistics, Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation 2009 (CCCTIE 2009), version 1.0
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
(c) 2009, National Bureau of Statistics
Development Data Group, DECDG
Generation of DDI documentation
Accelerated Data Program
Review of the metadata
Date of Production
First version of metadata documentation (May 2012)